Cost of Goods Sold COGS vs Expense Video & Lesson Transcript

27 mar

Cost of Goods Sold COGS vs Expense Video & Lesson Transcript


Calculating and tracking COGS throughout the year can help you determine your net income, expenses, and inventory. And when tax season rolls around, having accurate records of COGS can help you and your accountant file your taxes properly. Determining the cost of goods sold is only one portion of your business’s operations. But understanding COGS can help you better understand your business’s financial health. Using FIFO, your small business will first sell the products or services it has created the earliest.

You can’t have any other expenses in your cost of goods sold amount. All of it must be related to the manufacturing of the products that sold for the year. Look for ways to tighten both, your COGS and operating expenses.


Inventory is a particularly important component of COGS, and accounting rules permit several different approaches for how to include it in the calculation. Both operating expenses and cost of goods sold are expenditures that companies incur with running their business; however, the expenses are segregated on the income statement. Unlike COGS, operating expenses are expenditures that are not directly tied to the production of goods or services.

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Rent, loan payments, and marketing expenses are costs that are fairly constant, and are necessary to run the business, but are not specifically related to production of goods. Operating costs, on the other hand, indicate the degree of efficiency in running your business, and are indirectly proportional to your profit. Cutting back on your marketing spending, or reducing the headcount, or readjusting your other variable expenses can help to control your operating expenses and improve your ROI.


To understand the difference between cost of goods sold and operating expenses, check out the overview and examples of both below. In addition, COGS is used to calculate several other important business management metrics. For example, inventory turnover—a sales productivity metrics indicating how frequently a company replaces its inventory—relies on COGS. This metric is useful to managers looking to optimize inventory levels and/or increase salesforce sell-through of their products. Different inventory-valuation methods can significantly impact COGS and gross profit. If revenue represents the total sales of a company’s products and services, then COGS is the accumulated cost of creating or acquiring those products.

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Sometimes cost of operating and expenses are used interchangeably. Let’s suppose, they purchase $500 worth of various makeup items but could only sell $300 worth of lip gloss. In this case, the COGS is $300, while the expenses amount to $500. To align the cash outflow with the revenue, CapEx is expensed on the income statement through depreciation – a non-cash expense embedded within either COGS or OpEx. In addition, the two are linked – i.e. operating income is the gross profit minus OpEx.


These differences should elucidate that, though using the cost of sales and COGS interchangeably is somewhat common practice, doing so can be misleading. If anything, using one value in place of the other may actually deceive you if thinking your processes are working well and they’re actually needing improvement. When you compare the values of each metric to your revenue, you’ll better understand fluctuations in your bottom line. For example, if your cost of goods sold increases as your revenue decreases, you’ll know your input costs are increasing. You might then determine that there is justification in raising your prices to account for this shift.

This means that the inventory remaining at the end of an accounting period would be the units that were most recently produced. COGS includes all direct costs incurred to create the products a company offers. Most of these are the variable costs of making the product—for example, materials and labor—while others can be fixed costs, such as factory overhead. Cost of goods sold may be one of the most important accounting terms for business leaders to know. COGS includes all of the direct costs involved in manufacturing products. Understanding COGS, and managing its components, can mean the difference between running a business profitably and spinning on the proverbial hamster wheel to nowhere.

Instead, they have what is called “cost of,” which does not count towards a COGS deduction. Cost of Goods Sold is also known as “cost of sales” or its acronym “COGS.” COGS refers to the cost of goods that are either manufactured or purchased and then sold. COGS counts as a business expense and affects how much profit a company makes on its products.

Cost Of Goods Sold For Manufacturing Business

This is the cost required to continue operating, but not any costs directly related to production of goods. In the income statement, gross profit is equal to total sales minus COGS. Any additional income is then added, giving the total revenue. This total is subtracted from the total revenue, which gives net profit. Cost of Goods Sold vs. Operating Expenses is that COGS are direct costs from selling products/services while OpEx refers to indirect costs.


This can include paying interest on a loan, rent for an office, marketing costs, or employee benefits. These costs stay fairly constant, no matter how much or how little is produced. COGS and operating expenses each represent costs incurred by the daily operations of a business. Both types of expenses are recorded as separate line items on a company’s income statement. But you are going to include the costs that you incur in providing the services to your customers. If you are providing a digital service then you are going to include the hosting charges in the cost of goods sold calculation.

That includes items in your inventory at the start of your year and those acquired during the year. Calculate COGS by adding the cost of inventory at the beginning of the year to purchases made throughout the year. Then, subtract the cost of inventory remaining at the end of the year.

Cost of Goods Sold is the cost of a product to a distributor, manufacturer or retailer. Sales revenue minus cost of goods sold is a business’s gross profit. Cost of goods sold is considered an expense in accounting and it can be found on a financial report called an income statement. There are two ways to calculate COGS, according to Accounting Coach. Both show the operational costs that go into producing a good or service.

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Move one expense into COGS then run a Profit and loss statement. This helps you see how much it costs you to be in business and how much it costs you for your product itself. So if you had no orders for a month you would still see most those operating expenses are required regardless if no sales.

In retail, COGS includes payment for merchandise purchased from suppliers and manufacturers. David has helped thousands of clients improve their accounting and financial systems, create budgets, and minimize their taxes. A cost of sales formula used to calculate the cost of goods sold is as follows. When you incur a direct cost, such as inventory, your entry would debit the appropriate asset account and credit accounts payable.

Its primary service doesn’t require the sale of goods, but the business might still sell merchandise, such as snacks, toiletries, or souvenirs. The simplified dollar-value methoduses a similar pooling system but uses government price indexes to determine the annual change in price. Due to inflation, the cost to make rings increased before production ended.


Let us say that DogBark spent $1,000 on the packaging, $5,000 on salaries, and $200 on delivery. Operating income is a company’s profit after deducting operating expenses such as wages, depreciation, and cost of goods sold. The special identification method uses the specific cost of each unit of merchandise to calculate the ending inventory and COGS for each period. In this method, a business knows precisely which item was sold and the exact cost. Further, this method is typically used in industries that sell unique items like cars, real estate, and rare and precious jewels. COGS excludes indirect costs such as overhead and sales & marketing.

The LIFO method will have the opposite effect as FIFO during times of inflation. Items made last cost more than the first items made, because inflation causes prices to increase over time. Thus, the business’s cost of goods sold will be higher because the products cost more to make. LIFO also assumes a lower profit margin on sold items and a lower net income for inventory. If your company is a service provider or retailer, you should use the cost of sales.

For instance, many businesses resort to halting their hiring for some time if their operating expenses are going through the roof. Other businesses choose to cut down on facilities that aren’t mandatory at their business premises. COGS and OPEX are insightful for every business because they show you the current state of your business. They both let you know if you are spending way too much on expenses and when changes need to be made. Any business needs to sustain itself and ensure that it is able to earn higher than what it is spending.

Not only do 10 best construction job costing software of 2021 companies have no goods to sell, but purely service companies also do not have inventories. If COGS is not listed on the income statement, no deduction can be applied for those costs. COGS is an important metric on the financial statements as it is subtracted from a company’s revenues to determine its gross profit. The gross profit is a profitability measure that evaluates how efficient a company is in managing its labor and supplies in the production process. On the other hand, operating expenses are classified as indirect expenses.