Forex Glossary

10 mar

Forex Glossary


While the sentiment is clearly negative, the next session gaps even lower, creating an open window. Eventually the session closes much higher but at the same level as the previous session’s close. During the course of the uptrend, the presence of a long white candlestick confirms the strength of the prevailing direction of the market. While the sentiment is clearly positive, the next session gaps even higher, creating an open window. Eventually the session closes lower but at the same level as the previous session’s close.


Yield is one of the ways in which investments can earn a trader money, with the other being the eventual closing of a position for profit. When a market is making a clear, sustained move upwards or downwards, it is called a trend. Identifying the beginning and end of trends is a key part of market analysis. Trends can apply to individual assets, sectors, or even interest rates and bond yields. In trading, spot refers to the price of an asset for immediate delivery, or the value of an asset at any exact given time.

  • Model of exchange rate determination stating that the price of a good in one country should equal the price of the same good in another country, exchanged at the current rate.
  • He earned a degree in economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania back in 1968.
  • Navigating the world of forex terms is not always an easy task.
  • She is an American economics and served as a Vice Chair of FED in 2010 to 2014.
  • The candle has a long white body and very small or non-existent upper shadow, that is, Shaven Top.
  • Trading Account – Your capital available for use in trades on the online trading platform.

When buying, they’re going “long”, and when short-selling, they’re going “short”. Each time you enter into a trade, you have the pay transaction costs for that trade. While most brokers don’t charge commissions and fees on placing trades nowadays, the bid/ask spread remains the main cost to Forex traders. When bulls buy at the ask price , their position is immediately in a loss that equals the bid/ask spread. The wedge refers to short-term graphical price patterns of trend continuation indicating that its direction will remain unchanged in the near future. For example, on the daily chart the pattern is often formed within a week or two.

Closing Price

The lower band is drawn the same distance below the exponential moving average. A positive signal is generated when price closes above the upper band. Similarly, a close below the lower band indicates a negative signal.


Backwardation is also sometimes called a situation where the futures price with a later expiration date is lower than the futures price with an earlier date. Accumulation/Distribution is an indicator designed to reflect cumulative inflows and outflows of money by comparing closing prices with corresponding highs and lows. The Accelerator/Decelerator technical indicator shows the acceleration or deceleration of the current market driving force. This page provides a collection of terms necessary for traders to understand the complex terminology of Forex and CFD trading.

What Is the Forex or FX?

It’s based on Charles Dow’s 1884 stock market average composed of nine railroad and two manufacturing companies. It is used to gauge stock market activity and the country’s economic health. A technical Indicator developed by Patrick Mulloy in an attempt to produce less lag than the traditional moving average calculations and hence more sensitive to market changes.

A Japanese candlestick that has a long lower shadow, while the opening is equal to the closing price near the high. Usually at the end of a trend, prices move in the direction of the prevailing trend where the oscillator moves in the opposite direction. It constitutes a pause in the market after which a decisive breakout will resume in the direction of the prevailing trend –i.e.

Forex Trading School

The sale of a currency futures not owned by the seller at the time of the trade. Short sales are usually made in expectation of a decline in the price. A school of economics which believes that strict control of money supply is the principal tool for implementing monetary policy, especially against inflation.

GBP/USD: Weekly Forecast 15th January – 21th January –

GBP/USD: Weekly Forecast 15th January – 21th January.

Posted: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

Orders to buy or a financial instrument in the future when certain conditions are met. When a trader’s position is kept open and carried over to the next trading day. The traditional way of trading forex was ‘over the counter’, meaning traders made forex transactions over the telephone or on electronic devices. A financial derivative where the buyer has the right to buy/sell an asset by the expiration date. More specifically, Call Options are contracts that give the owner the right to buy an asset in the future at an agreed price. Investors buy Call Options when they believe that the value of the underlying asset will increase above the strike price.

What are Open Market Operations?

It’s a survey of the business outlook in the next 12 months. A report outlining the relative level of current business conditions and expectations for the next 6 months. A debt instrument, where the issuer borrows money from the buyer, with the obligation to repay the principal and predefined interest at the maturity date. A change in the labour pay excluding the farming sector. Refers to portfolio diversification among stocks, bonds, commodities, cash and other asset classes.

pattern signaling bullish

In the foreign exchange market brokers tend to act as intermediaries between banks bringing buyers and sellers together for a commission paid by the initiator or by both parties. There are four or five major global brokers operating through subsidiaries affiliates and partners in many countries. They are also commonly known as technical analysts, or technical traders. During the course of an uptrend a long white body is followed by a shorter black body that gaps higher. A black candle that follows, opens at or above the previous open. It then pushes the market lower, well into the long white candle’s body and more specifically, below the close of the second body but above the close of the first candlestick.

In trading, short describes a trade that will incur a profit if the asset being traded falls in price. It is also often referred to as going short, shorting or sometimes selling. A resistance level is a key tool in technical analysis, indicating when an asset has reached a price level that market participants are unwilling to surpass. A position is the expression of a market commitment, or exposure, held by a trader. Profit or loss on a position can only be realized once it has been closed.

When you are selling you will receive the bid price that is the lower of the two quotes. This is always a little higher and has the ‘spread’ from your broker added into the price. The spread is the difference between the bid and ask prices. Forex Demo Accounts Benefit from the best forex demo accounts in Forex demo accounts are one of the most important tools you can have in your trading arsenal.


The evaluation of past price charts with technical indicators to predict upcoming price movement. The market in which assets are traded for immediate exchange, as opposed to on future conditions. A price value or zone believed to be of shared or technical interest between traders, e.g. support or resistance. The act of a central bank using the market to control currency price.


The at which a trader is prepared to sell a financial instrument. Opposite of a short position, any investor who takes a long position buys a base currency with a view to profiting on a market price increase. The volume of active buying and selling orders placed for a currency, covering a wide degree of prices. Currency futures are contracts that state the price that a currency can be sold or bought for at a predetermined future date. Future contracts are a widely-used hedging tool amongst traders.

  • A technical indicator rather than a complete system that is used to identify with “one look” at the chart, the direction of the market, entries and support and resistance levels.
  • The interest rate at which financial institutions in Canada borrow and lend money among themselves.
  • An instruction to a broker that unlike normal practice the order does not expire at the end of the trading day, although normally terminates at the end of the trading month.

Discipline and emotion- free trades are the advantages of this type of trading. “Rally” references a currency’s recovery in price after a period of either short-term or long-term decline. Standing for “percentage in point”, it represents the smallest possible price change that can occur within an exchange rate.

Head and Shoulders – Considered as a relatively reliable and accurate chart pattern for long term trading. Built of 3 peaks, while the second peak is the highest . The other 2 peaks are about the same height – the shoulders. A head and shoulders pattern is a good sign to go short .

Finally, a break- out above the pattern with a gap, is necessary to complete the pattern. Foreign exchange, or Forex for short, is the “place” where currencies are traded. When a trader buys a currency, he or she is selling another currency at the same time. Currency trading is the exchange of one type of currency for another.

All options of the same class having the same exercise/strike price and expiration date. All options of the same type – calls or puts -listed on the same underlying instrument. A stop-loss order which must be executed after the request level was reached. A way of smoothing a set of data, widely used in price time series. An undertaking to give the rate of tariff concession offered to members of the GATT.